It is estimated that for every six people, one will be clinically diagnosed with depression. In real terms the figures for depression are likely to be much higher and a good proportion of those left undiagnosed will be men.
even by long-term partners or health professionals. Men exhibit depression differently and the way they cope can often camouflage their state of mind. So, whilst there is no strong evidence for a different type of depression in men, some symptoms of depression are much more marked. In particular irritability, anger, loss of control, risk-taking and aggression. Other gender differences in depression are:
- On average, the onset of depression is often later in men.
- Men have less chance of recurrent depression.
- Men seem to experience shorter bouts of depression and are less likely to suffer from chronic depression.
- Work stress: especially role ambiguity, night shifts, holding down more than one job.
- Relationship breakdown: Divorced men are most likely to commit suicide.
- Fatherhood: Men also experience depression after the birth of a baby.
- Unemployment: the role of men can dramatically shift from that of breadwinner to dependent. This can similarly affect retired men.
- Bereavement: which can lead to diversions such as work and an escalation of risky activities, drinking, anger and frustration.